Association ESE


   Association for Emancipation, Solidarity and Equality of Women.

Women's health

Women’s health is a state of emotional, social, cultural, mental and physical welfare of women that is at the same time determined by their social and economic status, as well as their biological characteristics.

Women and men have different health needs conditioned by biological differences, socio-economic conditions, and cultural differences.

Women have a right to enjoy the highest available standards of physical and mental health. Enjoyment of this right is vital for their life and welfare, as well as for the opportunity to participate in all fields of public and private life.

This right of women is recognized in numerous international instruments. In the Convention on Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, the right to health of women is regulated in Article 12 stating that “1. States Parties shall take all appropriate measures to eliminate discrimination against women in the field of health care in order to ensure, on a basis of equality of men and women, access to health care services, including those related to family planning; 2. Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph I of this article, States Parties shall ensure to women appropriate services in connection with pregnancy, confinement and the post-natal period, granting free services where necessary, as well as adequate nutrition during pregnancy and lactation. Significant international documents in this area are also the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action, the UN Security Council Resolution 1325 on women, peace and security, the Millennium Declaration, the Millennium Development Goals and others.  

Needs of women with reference to health and health care are recognized and regulated in the domestic legislation, primarily in the Law on Health  Protection, the Law on Health Insurance, the Law on Protection of the Rights of Patients, as well as in programs of the Government of RoM,  implemented by the Ministry of Health.

However, despite proper legislation and progress achieved regarding improving health of women in Macedonia, still the scope of women covered with specific female health services at primary level is not equal for all women within the territory of the Republic of Macedonia. A special problem regarding these services is the scope of women from marginalized groups covered, primarily Roma women, rural women and women living in disadvantaged socio-economic conditions. Therefore it is exceptionally import to have consistent implementation of adopted policies and measures for improving female health, as well as including specific activities in the existing health policies intended for vulnerable categories of women. 


Monitoring and analysis of the Program for Early Detection of Malignant Diseases

By work related to this Program, we are making efforts to improve the scope of women in Macedonia covered with preventive health services for early detection and early treatment of malignant diseases of the cervix and the breasts.

We carry out these activities by continuously monitoring activity implementation and spending budget funds spending within this Program, at the same time cooperating with relevant experts in this field in order to identify measures and improve the situation.

Program monitoring at national level is carried out by collecting and analyzing data from the responsible health institutions, using mechanisms prescribed in the Law on Free Access to Information of Public Character. Also we monitor the scope Roma women from the municipalities of Shuto Orizari, Delchevo, Pehchevo and Vinica covered by activities from this Program. When the analysis results are completed, we draft detailed reports on the monitoring carried out, and findings are used for advocacy and for improving the situation. We continuously advocate for them at the institutions responsible, primarily at the Health Ministry and the Finance Ministry, all for the purpose of increasing the scope of women covered with preventing health services included in the Program. 

At the same time at public events and press conferences we continuously inform civil organizations and the public about findings of the Program monitoring. 







Fiscal Transparency

Social accountability for gender equality

Health Rights

Domestic Violence 

Legal Aid Center

Health Information Centre