Association ESE


   Association for Emancipation, Solidarity and Equality of Women.


Western Balkans Regular Economic Report: Spring 2020

Artwork: You and Me, by Tatjana Burzanovic

A semi-annual report on recent economic developments and economic policies in the Western Balkans (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Montenegro, North Macedonia, and Serbia), this edition looks at the economic performance and outlook for the Western Balkans region and specific factors that affect growth prospects.

The Regular Economic Report No. 17 is a collection of notes on the economic and social impact of COVID-19 on the Western Balkans region that will be published in two parts. This first part includes three Notes: “Setting the Stage: Reviewing the state and vulnerabilities of the Western Balkan еconomies as they face COVID-19;” “Outlook: Hard Times Require Good Economics;”and "Western Balkan Country Notes." The second part discusses the impact of COVID-19 on specific economic areas, social sectors, and poverty and income distribution in the region. The second part will be published here in May.


The Additional Risks of COVID-19 For Migrant Women, & How to Address Them

Category: Migration and Gender (/site/en/categor%C3%ADas-blog/migration-and-gender) Author: Guest Contributor (/site/en/autores/guest-contributor) The impacts and implications of the COVID-19 coronavirus are different for men and women and may create greater inequalities for people who are in vulnerable positions, such as migrants, according to UN Women. Organizations around the world are aware of this inequality and have warned about the urgent need to look at existing realities from gender and intersectional perspectives that allow for the identification of these inequalities and, at the same time, incorporate greater protection and assistance to more vulnerable populations in response plans. Among the specific risks that the pandemic has entailed for the migrant population, particularly for women, are: Job insecurity, exploitation, and socio-economic impacts: According to the IOM's World Migration Report 2020 (, migrant women represent around 74% of the service industry, which includes domestic work, and in many cases experience job insecurity. A significant portion of their income goes towards supporting their families in their countries of origin. During the COVID-19 outbreak, mobility and travel restrictions are jeopardizing the income of migrant women, particularly domestic workers ( Furthermore, the impact of the employment crisis under COVID-19 may disproportionately affect less protected population groups, such as women and migrants. ( In "Gender Proposal for Latin America and the Caribbean for a Response and Recovery with Gender Equality", UNDP indicated that during a health crisis with implications for the mobility of people, such as COVID-19, migrant women who are domestic workers, and especially those that are irregular, become more dependent on their employers and are further removed from social protection services. Even when the isolation from the health crisis ends, the economic consequences can expose women to sexual exploitation (, which occurred in the Ebola outbreak 2013-2016.


Keeping Children Safe Online During Lockdown

06 May 2020 - The risk of cyber child exploitation has grown dramatically as populations worldwide are forced to spend more time at home and online.

The COVID-19 pandemic has had a dramatic effect on internet usage. Home is the new hub. Since mid-January 2020, online traffic has increased by over 25% – the fastest usage increase since the internet was developed. This has brought hundreds of millions of schoolchildren into online classrooms overnight. It has also led to increased risks of online child exploitation.

Even before the pandemic, every law-enforcement agency worldwide was massively overworked. Available resources did not match the needs. Each case had to be triaged, which inevitably meant many were not addressed. Police resources were reserved largely for the most egregious cases, leaving a constant stream of offenders untouched. In other words, the pandemic has increased the pressures on systems that were already severely strained.

Current evidence from police reports produced by INTERPOL member countries, as well as international child-protection organizations and activist groups that monitor the ‘dark web’, indicates sexual predators who target children are organizing among themselves to exploit the opportunities presented by the COVID-19 lockdown.



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