Association ESE


   Association for Emancipation, Solidarity and Equality of Women.


Online & ICT Facilitated Violence Against Women & Girls During COVID-19

This brief highlights emerging trends and impacts of COVID-19 on violence against women and girls facilitated by information and communications technology (ICT). It provides examples of strategies and practices put in place to prevent and respond to online and ICT-facilitated violence against women and girls. It also considers the impact of the pandemic on violence against women and girls in a reality shaped by a gender digital divide.

 Direct Link to Full 8-Page Publication:

Source: WUNRN – 05.05.2020


Poverty, Women, & COVID-19

“The idea that all but one UN agency has failed to recognize the double, triple, quadruple inequalities that women and girls face in emergency situations told me that for all the rhetoric we have seen over the last five, 10, 15 years, we are miles away from getting the kind of implementation and prioritization that ... women’s protection and empowerment deserve. “ David Miliband, CEO International Rescue Committee


UN Special Rapporteur on Extreme Poverty & Human Rights:


Why Gender-Sensitive Social Protection Is Critical to the COVID-19 Response in Low- & Middle-Income Countries

A woman buys food from a vendor in Jodhpur, India. Stockpexel/Shutterstock

The COVID-19 pandemic and restrictions on movement to control the spread of infection are having profound impacts on the income and daily lives of people in low- and middle-income countries, particularly the poor.. The authors of this article describe how the current crisis is also affecting gender relations, and why attention to gender in implementing expanded social protection programs is critical. They provide specific advice and propose actions to minimize harm during the crisis response period—and to ensure that longer-term gains in gender equity and empowerment can be maintained and built-upon post-crisis.


April 28, 2020 - Many governments are using social protection programs to respond to the economic crisis and health risk induced by COVID-19. As of April 17, 133 countries had adapted or introduced 564 social protection initiatives, according to the World Bank. With the focus on rapid assistance, gender considerations have understandably not been at the forefront of these efforts. A rapid assessment of initial COVID-19 social protection responses indicates that only 11% show some (albeit limited) gender-sensitivity.

This is unsurprising—most existing social protection programs in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are either gender-blind or neutral at best—but it is worrying. The COVID-19 crisis has the potential to widen gender inequalities, including those related to loss of livelihoodsreproductive health risksdisproportionate burden of care, and violence against women and children. Social protection that does not take gender into account can reinforce these inequalities. 

General guidelines for COVID-19 social protection responses are available, but how can governments address gender inequalities? Designing gender-sensitive programming is not always straightforward, but evidence suggests simple design and implementation adaptations can make programming more gender-sensitive. While there is no one-size-fits-all approach, in a new brief summarized below, we provide key lessons, considerations, and guidance across five areas.



Fiscal Transparency

Social accountability for gender equality

Health Rights

Domestic Violence 

Legal Aid Center

Health Information Centre