Association ESE


   Association for Emancipation, Solidarity and Equality of Women.

USA - The Gender Wage Gap By Occupation 2018 + By Race & Ethnicity - April 2019

New analysis of the wage gap by occupation finds that women are five times more likely than men to work in occupations with poverty-level pay.

Direct Link to Full 9-PAGE IWPR Analysis:


EU - Maternity & Paternity Leave in the European Union - Up for Vote - Country Variables

Written by Ulla Jurviste, Martina Prpic and Giulio Sabbati,- Updated in March 2019

In 2019, the EU institutions are set to approve new work-life balance legislation, which will introduce minimum standards for paid paternity leave across the EU. The maternity rights set out in the 1992 Pregnant Workers Directive will be maintained. This directive sets the minimum period for maternity leave at 14 weeks, with 2 weeks’ compulsory leave before and/or after confinement and an adequate allowance subject to national legislation.

In 2008, the Commission proposed to extend the duration of maternity leave to 18 weeks in accordance with the guidelines of the International Labour Organization, making at least 6 weeks compulsory after confinement, with an allowance amounting to full salary. Parliament accepted this proposal in 2010, whilst extending it to 20 weeks of maternity leave and 2 weeks of paternity leave under the same conditions.



Fiscal Transparency

Social accountability for gender equality

Health Rights

Domestic Violence 

Legal Aid Center

Health Information Centre