EU - Gender Wage Gap - Minimal Change - Facts & Figures

Women in the EU are less present in the labour market than men. The gender employment gap stood at 11.7 percent in 2019, with 67.3 percent of women across the EU being employed compared to 79 percent of men (EU27 data).

The gender pay gap in the EU stands at 14.1 percent and has only changed minimally over the last decade. It means that women earn 14.1 percent on average less per hour than men.

Women in the EU even earned 39.6 percent less than men overall in 2014. One of the reasons is the fact that on average women spend fewer hours in paid work than men: Whereas only 8 percent of men in the EU in 2019 worked in part-time, almost a third of women across the EU (30.7 percent) did so.

Why do women earn less?

The reasons for the gender pay gap go beyond the simple issue of discrimination. They are a consequence of various inequalities women face in access to work, progression and rewards.

Gender pay gap statistics in the EU.

Differences between the EU countries

There are considerable differences between EU countries. The gender pay gap ranges from less than 3 percent in Luxembourg, and Romania to more than 20 percent in Austria, Czechia, Germany and Estonia. In most countries, the gender pay gap is decreasing, whereas it is even growing in a few.

However, a lower gender pay gap in certain countries does not automatically mean that women in general are better paid. A lower gender pay gap often occurs in countries with a lower employment rate of women. A high pay gap is usually characteristic of a labour market

Eurostat regularly publishes country factsheets on the gender pay gap situation in EU.

https://ec.europa.eu/info/policies/justice-and-fundamental-rights/gender-equality/equal-pay/gender-pay-gap-situation-eu_eni

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European Commission Fact Sheet on Gender Pay Gap – November 2020 – 5 Pages

https://ec.europa.eu/info/sites/info/files/aid_development_cooperation_fundamental_rights/2020_factsheet_on_the_gender_pay_gap.pdf

Извор: WUNRN – 13.11.2020